Male Hormone Imbalance

Carrie Carda, MD -  - OB-GYN

Carrie Carda, MD

OB-GYN & Integrative Medicine Specialist located in Poplar Bluff, MO

Low testosterone levels affect about 40% of men aged 45 and older. This type of male hormone imbalance affects your sex drive, energy levels, and your body, as you may lose muscle and bone mass. Dr. Carrie Carda has years of experience diagnosing and effectively treating male hormone imbalance with bioidentical hormones. If you’ve noticed changes in your sex life, call her practice, Women’s Health Specialists in Poplar Bluff, Missouri, or book an appointment online.

Male Hormone Imbalance

What do you need to know about testosterone?

You probably know testosterone as the male hormone because it’s primarily responsible for male sexual characteristics. However, testosterone has a wide-reaching influence in men’s bodies, where it regulates:

  • Sex drive
  • Fat distribution
  • Muscle mass and strength
  • Bone mass
  • Red blood cell production

What causes male hormone imbalance?

Men develop low testosterone for two primary reasons: aging and an underlying health condition. Levels of testosterone peak in adolescence and early adulthood, then a natural decline begins around age 30, with levels dropping at the rate of about 1% yearly.

Low testosterone as a result of a health problem, called hypogonadism, occurs when the testicles can’t produce enough hormone. This can be caused by many underlying problems, including:

  • Mumps during adolescence
  • Excessive iron in the blood
  • Injury to the testicles
  • Pituitary disorders
  • Obesity
  • Inflammatory disease
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Cancer treatment

What symptoms develop due to low testosterone?

When your testosterone levels drop, you may experience:

  • Loss of sex drive
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Loss of muscle mass and strength
  • Loss of bone mass
  • Decrease in beard and body hair
  • Development of breast tissue
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Fatigue
  • Depression

How is low testosterone treated?

Dr. Carda screens for hormone levels and other biomarkers to determine whether you have an underlying health condition. If an underlying problem is diagnosed, it must be treated.

The only treatment for low testosterone is hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to restore testosterone to normal levels. HRT reverses the symptoms of low testosterone and protects you from body-wide health issues associated with a hormone imbalance.

Your HRT is customized to provide the exact amount of hormone you need. Dr. Carda only uses bioidentical hormones, which have the same chemical and molecular structure as the testosterone normally produced. Your body interacts with bioidentical hormones the same way as natural hormones, so they cause few side effects.

Men can choose from three forms of bioidentical hormones:

  • Topical patch or cream, which is applied daily
  • Intramuscular injection, which is typically injected every 10-14 days
  • Pellet therapy, which is inserted under the skin and lasts three to four months.

While you can choose any delivery form, pellet therapy has a few advantages. In addition to being longer lasting, it does the best job of maintaining a steady level of testosterone.